Thursday, 22 March 2018

Playland by Anthony Daly exposes 70's VIP and gangland pedophile rings


Secrets of a Forgotten Scandal

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Anthony Daly was just 20 years old when he decided to leave the Troubles in Derry and travel to England.  Little did he realise he would find himself in personal trouble and at the mercy of a number of nasty characters centred around the Playland arcade in Piccadilly.  Those characters weren’t just gangsters or chancers, they included many from the upper echelons society who saw youngsters as commodities and play things.  Anthony was sexually abused by influential politicians, lawyers, businessmen and celebrities.
In his book, Tony gives an extremely candid, brave and heartbreaking account of what he endured in just three months during 1975 when he travelled to England and to his dream job at Foyles bookshop.  Ending up at the mercy of some of the most depraved human beings from all walks of life due to blackmail, Tony found himself engulfed in different circles of depravity and shines a light on the inner workings of how they operated.  

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Foyles Bookshop, Charing Cross Road

Anthony pulls no punches when recounting what he went through and so I will urge caution and advise that some people would require a trigger warning.  That said, it is a must-read for anyone interested in London’s West End connections, gangland and underworld, police corruption and VIP paedophile rings because it makes the whole murky business much clearer.  He has also undertaken research into records in order to back up the information he has provided in his book and this also has it’s value in terms of information that was forthcoming during the Playland trial.
I’m not going to go into too much detail of Anthony’s book because it is his story to tell.  However, I have listed some of those who are named in the book and added comments where possible.
The names of those listed below were not all necessarily involved in any wrongdoing. 
Client – Those who obtained the services of boys through either the Playland syndicate or the ‘Network’ (associates of the Hornbys etc).

Names of those Anthony encountered during his time in London:  

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Attorney General of the United Kingdom and Brother to LadyButler-Sloss 

Sir Michael Havers

  • Basil Andrew-Cohen – Driver for Charles Hornby and Keith Hunter.  Convicted paedophile who, between 1970-1980, appeared in court six times for 44 offences. Client
  • Noel Annan – Provost of UCL, friend of Blunt and Victor Rothschild.  Name found on paperwork in Gleaves’s office.  Client
  • Ronald Batty – Husband of Christine Foyles.  Well connected.  Friend of Charles Irving.
  • Sir Anthony Blunt – Former spy.
  • Bernard Briggs – Managing Director of Playland, although described as just a ‘respectable front’ for the business.
  • Martin Bromley (aka ‘Wolfman’) – Owner of Playland, American, created SEGA.
  • ‘Butterfly Collector’ – bookkeeper for the Playland firm.  Liked young boys.  Adopted a 10-year old boy.
  • Anthony Chenevix-Trench (aka Tony Trench or TT) – headmaster of Eton (until he was asked to leave due to his excessive corporal punishment of boys), headmaster of Fettes College, Edinburgh. Client
  • Chris – Grenadier Guard.  Client
  • Gerald Citron – pornographer, associate of James and Rusty Humphreys, described as ‘one of the biggest importers of porn’ during trial in 1974, associate of Keith Hunter and DI Legge.
  • Sir Knox Cunningham – Ulster Unionist MP, PPS to Harold Macmillan, friend of Ian Paisley.  Client

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Sir Knox Cunningham

  • Damian (aka ‘Tiger’) – ‘rent boy’ and friend of Tony.  Picked up by Roger Gleaves aged 15.
  • Viscount William De L’Isle (aka ‘Bill Sidney’) – Grenadier Guards, MP for Chelsea, served under Churchill, Governor-General for Australia.  Liked young guards.  Client
  • Tom Driberg – Labour MP, associate of the Krays and Lord Boothby, friend of Christine Foyles, Simon Hornby and Aleister Crowley.  Client
  • Bruce Eckert – Manager of Playland, American.  Introduced to the Playland firm by Briggs.
  • Lord Nicholas Eden – son of Anthony, served under Thatcher.  Client
  • ‘Fruit Machine’ – 18st minder, associated with the Richardson gang then went to work for the Krays, becoming one of Ronnie’s ‘boys’.  Went into security work before ending up as part of the Playland firm.  Client (in so far as he had the pick of any boy he wanted.)
  • Mr Fisher – Seemed to call the shots in the Playland firm.  American.
  • Christina Foyle – Owner of Foyles.  Well connected.
  • Arthur Gore (aka ‘Boofy’) – Earl of Arran.  Client
  • Major John Gouriet – British Army Officer and Tory activist.
  • Ian Harvey – Vice-President of the Campaign for Homosexual Equality, Tory MP.  Client
  • Sir Michael Havers – Shadow and Attorney General.  Penchant for ‘rent boys’ and very indiscreet with classified information.  Client
  • Sir Peter Hayman (aka ‘Grass’) – British diplomat, PIE member, named by Dickens as a paedophile.  Prosecution against him stopped by Sir Michael Havers and Sir Thomas Hetherington.  Client

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Sir Peter Hayman

  • ‘Herr Mann’ – Alias of a member of PIE.  German.
  • Sir Thomas Hetherington (aka Tony Hetherington) – Director of Public Prosecutions.  Whilst waiting in a flat, there were also two boys in school uniforms. Client
  • Charles Hornby (aka ‘the Lanky Lancer’ and ‘the gentleman jockey’) – Lloyds underwriter, friend of Prince Charles, Etonian, socialite and pimp.  Convicted paedophile.  Drove a Mini and liked young teen boys.  Lived in Montagu Square. Associate of Keith Hunter.  Client
  • Sir Simon Hornby – brother of Charles, Etonian, Grenadier Guards, part of the WHSmith dynasty, married to Sheran Cazalet.  Friend of Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Princess Margaret and others. Pimp and associate of Keith Hunter.  Client
  • James Humpert (aka ‘Bagman’) – American, director of Piccadilly Enterprises, created SEGA.
  • Keith Hunter (police believe his name may have been an alias) – Member of the Playland firm, procurer of young boys, close to Malcolm Raywood, Charles Hornby, DI Legge, PIE members (including Peter Hayman) and did security business with Roger Gleaves.  Liked pre-teen boys.
  • Sir Charles Irving – Tory MP for Cheltenham, ‘valued customer’ of Foyles.  Client
  • Sir Keith Joseph – Tory MP for Leeds North East.  Client
  • DI John Legge – Flying Squad, associate of James Humphreys, appeared in court alongside Ken Drury in 1977, met with Hunter. Retired in 1977.
  • Sir David Mitchell – Tory MP and PPS to Sir Keith Joseph. Apologised to Anthony for what was going on and seemed uncomfortable.
  • Baron James Molyneaux – Ulster Unionist MP, vice-chair of the Monday Club.  Client

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James Molyneaux

  • Sir Peter Morrison – Tory MP for Cheshire, PPS to Thatcher.  Allegation of rape at Elm Guest House of a 14-year old boy from Harting, West Sussex, and allegations of involvement in the North Wales child abuse scandal.  Client
  • Myra‘ – Alias of member of PIE.
  • Andrew Novac – Convicted paedophile.   Client
  • ‘The Prophet’: Soho drug dealer. Obtained his drugs from Triad gang in Gerrard Street.
  • ‘Mr Rabbit’: Alias for a member of PIE.  Real name was Peter.
  • John Rae – headmaster of Westminster School.
  • Malcolm Raywood (aka ‘Tony the Butcher’) – Member of the Playland Firm, procurer, convicted paedophile, associated with head of the Flying Squad and PIE members.  Eventually killed by 24-year old Edward Hillhouse in 1991.
  • Richard – Grenadier Guard, used as a play thing by higher ranks. Taken to a stately home near the Irish border for a banquet/party.
  • Gordon Richardson – banker, lawyer and Governor of the Bank of England.  Friend of Annan.  Client

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Gordon Richardson

  • Robby – Boy taken from a care home and delivered to a house of a few men.
  • Edward Tomkins –  Diplomat, British Ambassador to France, friend of Simon Hornby. Client
  • ‘Mr Twist’ – Alias of PIE member.
  • ‘Wendy’ – Alias of PIE Member.

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Christine Foyles and Ronald Batty

Others mentioned within the book:
  • David Archer – Convicted paedophile.  Client
  • Frederick Burden – Tory MP, name found on stationery in Gleaves’s office.
  • Edward Cazalet – Brother-in-law and friend of Simon Hornby and Master of the Heythrop hunt.
  • Sheran Cazalet – Married to Simon Horby.  Daughter of Peter Cazalet, who was the Queen Mother’s horse trainer.
  • Samuel Devenny – Attacked by the RUC and died in 1969.  Chief Supt Ken Drury was sent over to Northern Ireland to investigate.  By 1975, Drury’s report still hadn’t been published.
  • Commander Kenneth Drury – Head of the Flying Squad, friend of James Humphreys and caught in a corruption purge.

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Kenneth Drury

  • Roger Gleaves – (aka ‘The Bishop of Medway), Ran homeless hostels in London.  Predatory paedophile and landlord of Anthony’s friend, Damian.  Did security work with Keith Humphreys.  Did business with Playland.
  • Jimmy Humphreys – porn shop owner and part of gangland London.  Had connections within the Met Police, including Ken Drury and DI Legge, before turning whistleblower.
  • James Kilfedder – Ulster Unionist MP.  Client
  • Billy McPhee (Billy Two Tone) – Murdered by Roger Gleaves henchmen and friend of Damian.
  • Norman – Driver for Charles Irving.
  • ‘Big Jeff’ Phillips – Trained accountant and self-made millionaire from importing pornography and paid senior police officers ‘Dirty Squad’.
  • Victor Rothschild – Owned a flat in Bentinck Street, Marylebone where Blunt and Guy Burgess lived. Flat was known within the homosexual underworld in London, frequented by Annan.
  • Bernie Silver – Known as the ‘Godfather of Soho’, was initially a pimp, but ended up running a syndicate with control over most of the West End thanks to his contacts within the Met Police.
  • Richard ‘Dick’ Stewart – Friend of Simon Hornby and associate of Martin Bromley and Mr Fisher.  American.

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Martin (Marty) Bromley, (left)

Places, parties where Anthony was taken and who attended:
  • Hope House: Catholic hostel where Tony stayed during his time in London.
  • 8 Ennismore Gardens, Notting Hill – Home of Simon Hornby.
  • 38 Montagu Square, Marylebone – Home of Charles Hornby.
  • Golden Lion pub, Soho: Frequented by Charles Hornby, Malcolm Raywood, Keith Hunter.
  • Beeleigh Abbey: Sent there by Ronald Batty and told to assist Charles Irving in looking for books.  Home of Christina and Ronald.

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Beeleigh Abbey

  • Dolphin SquareMonday Club party to celebrate the election of Thatcher and first anniversary of MPs.  Attendees: ‘Stephen’, Peter Morrison, Keith Joseph, Michael Havers and David Mitchell (who left early).  Boys aged around 16 upwards.
Hayman ,Smith.  Dolphin Square

  • Snow’s Public House, Piccadilly: basement for boys.
  • Flat in Notting Hill: Sir Thomas (Tony) Hetherington (DPP)
  • Whitehall: Attendees: Michael Havers, Major John Gouriet, David Mitchell (who apologised for what was going on), businessmen, politicians, celebrities and Playland boys from late teens upwards.
  • St James’s Palace: ‘Chris’ the Grenadier Guard.
  • Unknown, London: Attendees: military personnel including Richard, Viscount William De L’Isle and a few ‘rent boys’.
  • Park Lane Casino Club, Mayfair: Attendees: Fisher, Hunter, Raywood, ‘Fruit Machine’, DI John Legge and Gerald Citron.
  • Londonderry House Hotel: Nicholas Eden.
  • Scott’s, Mayfair: Keith Joseph.
  • House in Essex: Attendees: James Molyneaux, Charles Irving, Knox Cunningham, Anthony Chenevix-Trench, Arthur Gore, older men, Dilly boys and boy aged around 12-years.
  • Prunier Restaurant, St James’s: Attendees: Hunter, Raywood and PIE members – ‘Myra’, ‘Wendy’, ‘Peter Rabbit’, ‘Peter Grass’, ‘Twist’ and ‘Herr Mann’.

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Prunier Restaurant

  • Flat, Notting Hill: Attendees: Hunter, Raywood, ‘Fruit Machine’, Peter Hayman, men, two little brothers aged 10 and 8-years.
  • German Embassy
  • Garrick Club, Covent Garden: Michael Havers.

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Garrick Club

  • The Dorchester, London: Attendees: Noel Annan, Brian Sewell, Anthony Blunt, John Rae, Simon Hornby.
  • Guards Club, Charles Street, Mayfair: Attendees: Richard, Harry (pornographic photographer.)
  • Shell Mex building, Strand
  • Club, St James’s Street: Arthur Gore
  • The Dorchester, London: Edward Tomkins
  • Mountjoy House, Barbican: Home of Driberg.
  • Savoy Hotel: Attendees: Simon Hornby and Pat Gibson.
  • The Ritz: Attendees: Simon Hornby, Sir Anthony Hornby, Gordon Richardson, Major John Gouriet and George Kennedy Young.

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The Ritz

Facts about Playland:
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  • Built on the partially demolished St Peter’s Church, a concealed spiral staircase was situated in the corner of the building and stretched up five storeys.
  • The Playland firm was part of the Bernie Silvers syndicate.
  • On the first floor, above the arcade, was a travel agency and also a couple of rooms related to Playland itself.   One was for ‘entertaining private guests’, the other was an office.
  • The London underworld had some stake in the arcade.
  • An American firm owned the arcade.
  • Punters would either select boys within the arcade, or wait at the steps in Great Windmill Street for a boy to be delivered.
  • Two entrances – one in Coventry Street and another in Great Windmill Street.
  • Claims of money laundering and small-scale gambling with some winners claiming a ‘bonus boy.’

Playland police investigation, 1974:
The initial investigation into Playland began a year before Anthony arrived in London and was instigated by a Playland firm whistleblower, who took his story to Peter Earle, crime reporter of the News of the World newspaper.
Police involved:
  • Commander David Helm: West End Central – launched the investigation.
  • Ch Supt Malcolm Ferguson: West End Central – led the investigation.
  • Sgt Geoffrey Bredemear – surveillance.
  • PC Victor Coates – surveillance.
  • PC Maurice Maylin – surveillance.
  • PS Colin Lloyd
  • Det Insp Dick
Police were tracking the movements of 18 men aged 22-60 years, with each man being allocated a code letter.  Those known were:
  • C = Malcolm Raywood
  • T = Charles Hornby
Most of the evidence was gathered between 13th May and 24th July 1974, plus additional evidence gathered between 1st September and 3rd December 1974.
The majority of the Playland files are on extended closure, with just 130 documents currently accessible.  Anthony has compiled a small amount of information from the documents within his book as well as some information from the trials.  He submitted an FOI request for the remaining files to be made accessible, but the Ministry of Justice (from where the files originated) decided against it.

Trial, 22 May 1975:
152 boys were interviewed, and it was discovered that Charles Hornby had used bribes and threats against a few of them to stop them giving evidence.
The Playland trial began on 22 May 1975, the judge was Judge Alan King-Hamilton.  It lasted 46 days and cost £250,000.  The men were sentenced on 22nd September 1975.
Mr X, the unnamed man in the trial, is believed to be the Playland whistleblower.
After the trial’s conclusion, Earle from the News of the World finally published his scoop, in which he stated that dozens more arrests were expected, and some of the men involved were showbusiness celebrities and well-known men within financial circles.  We now know that this never happened.
Two of the boys who appeared in the ‘Johnny Go Home‘ documentary were also witnesses in the Playland trial, which is why the judge requested that the documentary be withheld from broadcast until after the trial had ended.  (The part featuring the two boys was edited out as part of a compromise.)

Further Information:
  • MagazineBoys Exclusive featured pictures of pre-teen boys.
  • “Scans”: Scandinavian porn
  • Rollers“: Cine film blue movies
  • “Smudges”: Still pictures
  • “Gay smudges”, “straight smudges” and “Juve smudges” (Child porn – more accurately described as images of abuse)
  • “Dilly Boys”: Mid-teens upwards.
  • “Fresh Bunnies”: Boys aged 10-13 years, normally runaways.
  • “Candy Floss”: Boys aged between 5-10 years.  Prearranged deliveries and always accompanied.

Further reading:

The Times, 21 June 1975
The Times, 30 July 1975
The Times, 23 September 1975
The Times, 20th August 1981
The Times, 15 June 1977

Curtesy of

Another book recently published and written by former Intelligence Agent Andrea Davison and Tom Doe corroborates what Anthony Daly writes in Playland.

Available at Amazon

Saturday, 17 March 2018

Skripal, the Russians and the lies

As recently as 2016 Dr Robin Black, Head of the Detection Laboratory at the UK’s only chemical weapons facility at Porton Down, a former colleague of Dr David Kelly, published in an extremely prestigious scientific journal that the evidence for the existence of Novichoks was scant and their composition unknown.
In recent years, there has been much speculation that a fourth generation of nerve agents, ‘Novichoks’ (newcomer), was developed in Russia, beginning in the 1970s as part of the ‘Foliant’ programme, with the aim of finding agents that would compromise defensive countermeasures. Information on these compounds has been sparse in the public domain, mostly originating from a dissident Russian military chemist, Vil Mirzayanov. No independent confirmation of the structures or the properties of such compounds has been published. (Black, 2016)
Robin Black. (2016) Development, Historical Use and Properties of Chemical Warfare Agents. Royal Society of Chemistry
Yet now, the British Government is claiming to be able instantly to identify a substance which its only biological weapons research centre has never seen before and was unsure of its existence. Worse, it claims to be able not only to identify it, but to pinpoint its origin. Given Dr Black’s publication, it is plain that claim cannot be true.
The world’s international chemical weapons experts share Dr Black’s opinion. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is a UN body based in the Hague. In 2013 this was the report of its Scientific Advisory Board, which included US, French, German and Russian government representatives and on which Dr Black was the UK representative:
[The SAB] emphasised that the definition of toxic chemicals in the Convention would cover all potential candidate chemicals that might be utilised as chemical weapons. Regarding new toxic chemicals not listed in the Annex on Chemicals but which may nevertheless pose a risk to the Convention, the SAB makes reference to “Novichoks”. The name “Novichok” is used in a publication of a former Soviet scientist who reported investigating a new class of nerve agents suitable for use as binary chemical weapons. The SAB states that it has insufficient information to comment on the existence or properties of “Novichoks”. (OPCW, 2013)

OPCW: Report of the Scientific Advisory Board on developments in science and technology for the Third Review Conference 27 March 2013
Indeed the OPCW was so sceptical of the viability of “novichoks” that it decided – with US and UK agreement – not to add them nor their alleged precursors to its banned list. In short, the scientific community broadly accepts Mirzayanov was working on “novichoks” but doubts he succeeded.
Given that the OPCW has taken the view the evidence for the existence of “Novichoks” is dubious, if the UK actually has a sample of one it is extremely important the UK presents that sample to the OPCW. Indeed the UK has a binding treaty obligation to present that sample to OPCW. Russa has – unreported by the corporate media – entered a demand at the OPCW that Britain submit a sample of the Salisbury material for international analysis.
Yet Britain refuses to submit it to the OPCW.
A second part of May’s accusation is that “Novichoks” could only be made in certain military installations. But that is also demonstrably untrue. If they exist at all, Novichoks were allegedly designed to be able to be made at bench level in any commercial chemical facility – that was a major point of them. The only real evidence for the existence of Novichoks was the testimony of the ex-Soviet scientist Mizayanov. And this is what Mirzayanov actually wrote.
One should be mindful that the chemical components or precursors of A-232 or its binary version novichok-5 are ordinary organophosphates that can be made at commercial chemical companies that manufacture such products as fertilizers and pesticides.
Vil S. Mirzayanov, “Dismantling the Soviet/Russian Chemical Weapons Complex: An Insider’s View,” in Amy E. Smithson, Dr. Vil S. Mirzayanov, Gen Roland Lajoie, and Michael Krepon, Chemical Weapons Disarmament in Russia: Problems and Prospects, Stimson Report No. 17, October 1995, p. 21.
It is a scientific impossibility for Porton Down to have been able to test for Russian novichoks if they have never possessed a Russian sample to compare them to. They can analyse a sample as conforming to a Mirzayanov formula, but as he published those to the world twenty years ago, that is no proof of Russian origin. If Porton Down can synthesise it, so can many others, not just the Russians.
And finally – Mirzayanov is an Uzbek name and the novichok programme, assuming it existed, was in the Soviet Union but far away from modern Russia, at Nukus in modern Uzbekistan. I have visited the Nukus chemical weapons site myself. It was dismantled and made safe and all the stocks destroyed and the equipment removed by the American government, as I recall finishing while I was Ambassador there. There has in fact never been any evidence that any “novichok” ever existed in Russia itself.
To summarise:
1) Porton Down has acknowledged in publications it has never seen any Russian “novichoks”. The UK government has absolutely no “fingerprint” information such as impurities that can safely attribute this substance to Russia.
2) Until now, neither Porton Down nor the world’s experts at the Organisation for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) were convinced “Novichoks” even exist.
3) The UK is refusing to provide a sample to the OPCW.
4) “Novichoks” were specifically designed to be able to be manufactured from common ingredients on any scientific bench. The Americans dismantled and studied the facility that allegedly developed them. It is completely untrue only the Russians could make them, if anybody can.
5) The “Novichok” programme was in Uzbekistan not in Russia. Its legacy was inherited by the Americans during their alliance with Karimov, not by the Russians.
With a great many thanks to sources who cannot be named at this moment.

Courtesy of Craig Murry 

Monday, 5 March 2018

British children transported to be sex slaves by the UK Government. INQUIRY INTO CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE FIRST REPORT CHILD MIGRATION PROGRAMMES, MARCH 2018


On 1st March 2018, IICSA released its first report on the Child Migration Programmes that occurred within the UK for decades.  The report is 174 pages long, so I have outlined the contents, findings, institutions involved, problems that occurred etc.
It made shocking reading.

For those that aren’t familiar with what these were – In short UK governments were taking children in orphanages from the ages of five onwards and sending them overseas to places such as Australia, New Zealand, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Canada.  Despite promises of oranges and sunshine and happy lives, many children became part of a conveyer belt of slave labour which included torture, neglect and abuse within a system so flawed that they were left exposed to predators.  The deception that occurred is also part of the scandal, as many children were told they were orphans, and many relatives were told their children had been adopted or had died.  People – young and old – went to their graves believing a web of lies peddled by the authorities.  You can read a little more about it in a previous blog post.
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Those who survived to tell their tale appeared in front of the IICSA panel and gave moving testimonies of the abuse they endured, which has enabled IICSA to compile this comprehensive report.  I urge you to read the first few pages (namely pages 5-8) which are the testimonies of Michael O’Donoghue and Marcelle O’Brien.  They give a shocking insight into the sadistic nature of the UK children’s home regimes, as well as the awful treatment children endured when sent thousands of miles away.  It’s heartbreaking.
Child migration was also considered to be more cost effective than keeping children in residential homes in Britain (although we have doubts about whether that was actually correct).
Investigation Report – March 2018
Sadly, it’s not that dissimilar to the Tvind scheme that ran during the 1980s, where children were sent overseas by some London social services departments.  You can read my blog post about it here.  Despite requests, none of the local authorities concerned would provide any further information.

The agencies involved in ‘sending’ children in the migration programmes were mostly voluntary organisations, with a small number being migrated by local authorities. Some organisations, such as the Fairbridge Society and Barnardo’s, operated as both sending and receiving institutions, providing schools and homes in the country of migration. Others migrated children to institutions run by other organisations. From evidence available to the Inquiry, there was a sense in which these children were treated by some of the sending institutions as ‘commodities’ with one institution even referring to its ‘requisition’ for a specific number of children to be sent to Australia.
Investigation Report – March 2018
(Organisation and total amount of children they migrated)
  • Barnardo’s – (32,806 children)
  • The Fairbridge Society – (1,602 children)
  • The Children’s Society (previously known as Church of England Incorporated Society for Providing Homes for Waifs and Strays) – (3,296 children)
  • The National Children’s Home (AKA Action for Children) – (3,600+ children approx)
  • The Royal Overseas League – (804 children)
  • Cornwall County Council – (between 33-58 children)
  • The Salvation Army UK – (250,000 children, adults and families approx)
  • The Church of England Advisory Council for Empire Settlement – (408 children)
  • The Sisters of Nazareth – (1,103 children)
  • Father Hudson’s – (132 children)
  • The Catholic Church – (11,073 children)
  • The Children’s Friend Society (sent children to South Africa)
  • Quarrier Homes
  • Catholic Child Welfare Council
  • Southwark Catholic Rescue Society
  • London Council for the Rhodesia Fairbridge Memorial Association
Children were sent overseas from the UK, Wales and Northern Ireland (the latter of which was looked at in the Historical Abuse Inquiry, NI.)
However, the overriding force behind the scheme was, of course, the British government who had agreed with the Australian Commonwealth Government to send 50,000 children following the Second World War.  The Australian Government wanted to use the programme to increase the white population (and labour capacity).  It is the British government, this report concludes, whom systematically ignored the suffering of the children despite playing the central role in the programme.
Following a 1998 review undertaken by the House of Commons Health Select CommitteeGordon Brown (then Prime Minister) made a public apology to former child migrants.


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Fairbridge School, Pinjarra

Between 1947-1965, 3,170 children were sent overseas as part of the programme.  Around 400 of those were sent by local authorities, the rest were sent by organisations.
Receiving institutions in Australia
  1. Fairbridge Farm School, Molong
  2. Fairbridge Farm School, Pinjarra
  3. Northcote Farm School, Bacchus Marsh
  4. Barnardo’s School at Picton
  5. Barnardo’s School at Normanhurst
  6. Drapers Hall
  7. Methodist Children’s Home, Magill
  8. Dalmar Children’s Home
  9. Methodist Home for Girls, Perth
  10. Nazareth House, Geraldton
  11. Nazareth House, Camberwell
  12. St Joseph’s Orphanage, Neerkol
  13. Casteldare Boys’ Home
  14. Tardun Farm School
  15. Clontarf Boy’s Orphanage
  16. Bindoon Boys Town
  17. St Vincent de Paul’s Orphanage
Receiving institutions in Canada:
  1. Prince of Wales Farm School, British Columbia
Image result for mr rogers fairbridge school british columbia
Receiving institutions in New Zealand:
  1. The Royal Overseas League sent 549 children to foster care in New Zealand.
Receiving institutions in Southern Rhodesia:
  1. Rhodesia Fairbridge Memorial College
Once they arrived overseas, legal guardianship for the child would transfer to the national governments of their respective country, then to the provincial/state government, more particularly their child welfare departments. In practice, responsibility then devolved to the particular institution’s staff.

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Fairbridge School, Molong

Under the Empire Settlement Act, 1922 (ESA), the UK government pledged to provide funding for the cost of children’s journeys as well as a maintenance element until they were 16-years old.
The ESA was renewed periodically until 1972, despite concerns raised in 1942 following an inspection in Western Australia by Sir Ronald Cross, who reported that he could not understand where the money was going, given the poor clothing the boys were wearing.
In respect of Australia, some of the programmes, including those operated by
the Anglican and Catholic churches, used a ‘group nomination’ system, whereby a
residential institution in Australia would send a request for a certain number or gender of children for migration, thus the children were considered as ‘commodities’, not as individuals within the ‘care’ system.

The Times, 14th March 1951

Diplomatic relations came first…
The Fairbridge Society became a highly regarded operator in the migration programmes with patrons including high-profile individuals and members of the Royal Family, as well as a close working relationship with the UK government.  This seemingly worked to the Society’s advantage as not only did it receive advance notice of the contents of a report, but also Lord Dodds-Parker (Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and a strong advocate for Fairbridge on the Overseas Migration Board) lobbied the Home Secretary for an increase in funding.
Concerns arose and so the UK government sought to educate those countries as to methods of care.  However, this seemingly wasn’t successful as reports were received that were extremely critical of the conditions within the receiving homes.  This then led to a 1956 ‘blacklist’ of institutions that should no longer be used.
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The government was loathed to upset the Australian government nor institutions such as Fairbridge and Barnardo’s by withdrawing funding and so the ‘blacklist’ of schools that had been drawn up in 1956 was effectively suspended so that Fairbridge children could be migrated as planned, even to schools on that list, and financial support and use of facilities continued until 1972.  There is a possibility of an intervention by HRH the Duke of Gloucester (then Fairbridge Society President), however the inquiry found no evidence to back this claim.

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Duke of Gloucester


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Bindoon, Australia

  1. Alfred Owen (who ran a Barnardo’s receiving home in Canada) had been convicted of sexual interference with girls in his care.  Barnardo’s sent out a female senior manager in 1889 to investigate the facilities, whihc led to a recommendation that locks should be put on bedroom doors and chaperones provided when girls were in vulnerable situations.
  2. 1940 – Mr Beauchamp (Principal at Fairbridge school in Molong, Australia) was told to resign after allegations that he had failed to prevent “immoral and perverted practices….on a serious scale”.
  3. Late 1945/early 1946 – Fairbridge UK was informed that a girl had made very serious allegations of sexual abuse against the new Principal at Molong, Mr Woods, which was also brought to the attention of a local parson. The police were involved, but a report later exonerated Mr Woods, praised Fairbridge and described the allegation as “can only be put down to the sexual stirrings of a hysterical adolescent mind”.
  4. Early 1948 – Several allegations were again made against Mr Woods, relating to physical abuse, books with a sexual content and “other matters too dreadful to mention.”  Sir Charles Hambro of Fairbridge UK responded: “Having seen the school in operation I cannot believe that there is any real basis for these allegations against Woods, and I shall not accept them until proven beyond doubt, but where there is smoke there may be fire, and it is our duty to make quite sure that the fire is completely extinguished. You could not have taken a wiser step than to do what you did”
  5. 1947 to 1968 – ‘Common Rules’ that applied to the Christian Brothers order included: Brothers were not permitted to have particular friendships with pupils, touch pupils on the face or otherwise fondle them or allow boys into their room.  Thus proving that if it was necessary to include such a condition, authorities already knew there was a problem.
  6. Early 1940’s – Mr Rogers (Duties Master at the Fairbridge school in British
    Columbia) was dismissed following allegations of improper behaviour, then
    re‑hired, but dismissed again after he was convicted of “immoral relations” with
    Fairbridge boys and imprisoned.
  7. 1950 – Fairbridge UK was notified of an allegation that a girl had been abused on a ship whilst on the journey to Australia, but did not “appear to have left any mark on her mind.”  A subsequent investigation concluded that she was “somewhat mentally retarded.”
  8. 1955 – A Picton housemaster, was dismissed on the grounds of suspicion of “indiscreet fondling” of boys at the school.
  9. 1956 – Two child migrants raised described Riverview as being “a kind of Borstal.
  10. 1958 – Concerns were raised that 23 boys mainly aged between 18 and 21 were potential victims of “serious sexual malpractices” by several individuals related to the Barnardo’s school at Picton.  It is clear that information about these issues was
    circulated among members of the UK government, which included: members of the UK High Commission in Australia, the Home Office and the CRO.  There had been some guilty pleas by the alleged perpetrators. The matter became known to MP Nigel Fisher who referred in correspondence to a “really rather bad case of sodomy between a teacher and boys at one of the Barnardo’s Schools in Australia”.
  11. 1958 – Seven boys wrote with concerns about Riverview, which led Commissioner Ebbs(Salvation Army UK) to write to Colonel Cooper in Sydney.
  12. 1960 – An allegation was made that a child in the UK had been “interfer[ing] in a homosexual way” with four other children, prior to migration by Barnardo’s.
  13. 1962 – Mr Phillips left his role as Molong Aftercare Office in 1962, “amid rumours of sexual abuse of children” against him and Edward Scott (although there was no documentation provided about Scott.)
  14. 1963 – Mother withdrew her children from Molong and made a written complaint after discovering a cottage mother had admitted flushing a child’s head down the toilet to correct the child’s bedwetting, and a riding crop had been found which the children said she whipped them with.
  15. 1965 – Mr Woods was dismissed from Fairbridge following concerns about his punishment of children.
  16. 1967 – Mr Jack Newberry, who had become Acting Principal of Fairbridge at Molong, was  “investigated following a series of allegations of sexual abuse and forced to retire” and that “Stories circulating about Newberry’s sexual perversities would be confirmed by a number of Fairbridge girls years later.”
  17. Evidence was seen regarding children in Rhodesia who had been sexually abused by Padre Dean and reported the issue to the headmaster, which enraged him and led to their being beaten and warned against spreading malicious lies.
  18. Action for Children was also made aware of a small number of complaints about
    child sexual abuse at Alverstoke, which has been reported to Operation Hydrant and remains under investigation.
  19. The Australian Royal Commission’s report into the three Salvation Army homes (including Riverview) made findings of very serious incidents of sexual abuse over an extended period of time. It also noted a culture of violence, an inadequate inspection regime, a culture of discouraging disclosure of abuse and evidence of the Salvation Army moving offending officers between different children’s homes, sometimes to protect its own external reputation, and potentially due to the religious devotional culture within the Army.
  20. One former child migrant alleged sexual abuse during the train journey to the boat. The alleged perpetrator was Canon Flint, who had a heavy involvement in the scheme and in three different Catholic organisations.  Although Canon Flint was known to have been deceased since 1982, the matter was reported to Warwickshire Police and the former child migrant’s solicitor informed.
  21. Eleven men gave oral evidence at the hearings to the Australian Royal Commission, during which they made allegations of sexual abuse against sixteen Christian Brothers. The Commission found that that in each decade from 1919 to the 1960s, there were allegations of child sexual abuse against Brothers, about which the Provincial Council knew; and that in each decade from the 1930s to the 1950s, allegations were raised against Brothers against whom there had been previous allegations. It concluded that the leadership of the Christian Brothers from 1947-1968 had failed to manage the institutions so as to prevent child sexual abuse.
  22. Some time after 1989, the ACMP received in the file of a former child migrant an enclosure to a letter from the Provincialate of the Congregation of Christian Brothers in Bath, which stated that the former child migrant and some others were sexually abused by a Brother in Australia, and that a teenager also abused younger boys at the school, as well as a book extract referring to physical and sexual abuse by a Brother. The ACMP assisted in family tracing but no formal report was made.
  23. In 1990, a former child migrant wrote a letter to Canon Flood alleging sexual and physical abuse by Christian Brothers in Australia.
  24. In 1994, there was reference in a newspaper article to a Christian Brother accused by a former child migrant of sexual abuse.
  25. In 1995, a former child migrant stated that he had spent nine years in institutions where he was physically and sexually abused.
  26. In 1995, a former child migrant met a Father Hudson’s worker to review his file, which stated that the individual had been badly physically and sexually abused in Australia.
  27. In 1998, the sister of a former child migrant stated that her sister had been sexually abused and whipped in the cellars before being sent to Australia.  The sister had been at a Nazareth House home prior to going to Australia.
  28. In 2002, a former child migrant wrote a letter to the Professional Standards Resource Group in Western Australia stating that he was sexually assaulted by a man while in the care of nuns in England. The allegation related to a gardener at a Nazareth House home in England.
  29. In 2009, a former child migrant reported harsh treatment by nuns in Australia and rape by a gardener/handyman.
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Of course, it wasn’t just those in a position of authority that abused, the inquiry also heard evidence about peer-on-peer abuse as well as outside visitors abusing children.
  1. In 1999, a former child migrant disclosed that he had been sexually abused by older boys within the RFMC.
  2. In 2000, a former child migrant alleged that, prior to his migration, a visitor to the children’s home at Painswick perpetrated sexual abuse on other children. He recalled that the visitor was spoken to and his visits ceased.
  3. One former child migrant claimed she had been raped at the age of five by an eight year old boy living in the same home.
  4. Another stated he was sexually abused by a 14 year old boy when he was around the same age.
  5. A further former migrant alleged that children were sexually abused by an older boy in Magill.
  6. In 1961 a child migrant, who was by that time a young adult and who wanted to return home, was referred to in a letter, which stated that when he had gone to the Marist Brothers, another religious order, he had “interfered with” some of the younger boys in the college and was dismissed. He then went to Clontarf and Bindoon, and was again found to be interfering with younger boys.
  7. During the Catholic church’s migration period, one child migrant alleged sexual abuse on the ship on the journey to Australia. The matter was reported to the ship’s Captain, and in a letter to Australia House, the shipping company said that they had considered prosecution but this was not possible, so the perpetrator had been given a “bad discharge” and all practicable steps had been taken to prevent him from being re-engaged on any other ship.  In Australia the boy saw a doctor at the Psychiatry Clinic, who advised that he be placed in a normal family with grown up boys and girls.   The response of the CCWC in the UK was simply to investigate whether the boy’s mother in the UK would take him back: she was happy to do so but needed financial assistance for the return passage, which the CCWC declined to provide.

…children had been treated worse than he had been as a prisoner of war.
(Reaction of a parent after visiting Fairbridge, Molong)
Investigation Report – March 2018
  1. No evidence was seen that migration ended specifically because the UK government decided to put a stop to it.
  2. The last child was migrated to Australia in 1970. Most, if not all of those children who had been migrated, remained within their receiving institution, despite the concerns that had been raised about the appalling conditions in which many of them were accommodated.
  3. Overall, there was evidence of sexual abuse of child migrants in 16 Australian institutions.
  4. Several witnesses recounted that they had been abused prior to being migrated, while still in institutions in England. Two said that they believed they may have been sent to Australia because they had reported their sexual abuse in this country.  Another said they had been abused whilst on the ship to Australia.
  5. After 1970, those children who had been migrated generally remained where
    they were. There was no evidence of efforts made to seek the return of the children. Matters seemed to go “silent” until Dr Humphreys and the CMT sought to bring matters to the public attention in the late 1980s.
  6. UK government accepts that it had knowledge that some former child migrants reported that they had been the victims of sexual abuse from at least 1989.
  7. Evidence was heard that Fairbridge UK knew of the alleged sexual abuse of child
    migrants in both Canada and Australia from as early as the late 1930s.
  8. In 1949 a damning report in Canada outlined a high pregnancy rate in ex-Fairbridge girls, which described the school as of being “in ill repute”, and concluded:  “unsatisfactory staff are largely to blame for the present state of affairs.
  9. Some school inspections conducted by the local Fairbridge Committee members  were carefully “staged” affairs.
  10. Mr Nigel Haynes, Director of Fairbridge from 1993 to 2008, was unable to explain why a misleading statement denying the existence of records mentioning abuse was going to be put out to the press.  He also reiterated to the inquiry that Molong was “independently managed by an Australian body and not accountable to the UK”, which the inquiry has found to be false.  More worryingly,  during the litigation against Fairbridge in Australia, the reverse position was argued – that London was responsible for the Fairbridge operations in Australia.  This has led the inquiry to conclude that both sides of the Fairbridge organisation were trying to distance themselves from responsibility.
  11. In the case of Father Hudson’s, some child migrants that in 1947/1948 were sent before there was a written maintenance agreement in place. This fits with the wider evidence that at times the focus of the Catholic Church migrating organisations appears to have been to migrate children as quickly as possible, which may have operated to the detriment of the individual children.
  12. In the case of the Catholic Church,  there is evidence that Brother Conlon knew of some of the allegations of sexual abuse by the Christian Brothers.
  13. In a book by Jim Hyland (former Chairman of CCWC), he described it as a “regrettable omission” that nobody from the CCWC or the CoR had been dispatched “to Australia to carry out its own investigation into arrangements and the standards of care provided”.  This was a serious failure.
  14. Child migration was a fundamentally flawed policy, and the UK government failed to ensure that there were sufficient measures to protect children from abuse and neglect.
  15. The UK government has not yet made any financial redress directly to former child migrants without delay and that payments should start being made within 12 months.  It is essential that all surviving former child migrants are offered such redress.
  16. It has taken successive British Governments far too long to acknowledge their full responsibility for the fate of the child migrants despite the truth being clear from the Government’s own documents, kept in the National Archives.

The Times, 5th June 1998


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Former child migrants after finally receiving a formal apology by Gordon Brown, Prime Minister, on behalf of the UK Government in 2010.

  1. Many of the institutions involved in child migration have apologised for their role in it, some more fulsomely than others, and some for the first time in evidence before IICSA.
  2. Fairbridge has made no apology, and there is evidence that it made a conscious decision not to apologise “as it did not consider that it had anything to apologise for”.  Mr Nigel Haynes had no recollection of such a discussion taking place within Fairbridge, and made a personal apology in evidence before the inquiry.  The Prince’s Trust stated that at the time of the merger, Fairbridge had not given them the “full truth” on the amount of complaints by former child migrants about their treatment and stated that Fairbridge’s approach (in never having apologised) was “absolutely shocking”.  An apology was made on behalf of the Prince’s Trust  “for the hurt and suffering experienced by victims and survivors”, and the Trust would now be considering whether it should still use the Fairbridge name.
  3. The Children’s Society’s response to individual allegations has been adequate and it has offered support as appropriate and took relevant action.  In June 2017, Mr Reed (CEO of The Children’s Society) made a public apology on behalf of the CS, which he reiterated at the outset of his evidence to the inquiry, accepting that it was long overdue.  It has not provided any compensation to former child migrants.
  4. The Royal Overseas League has never been approached for compensation or redress to any former child migrants for any reason, including for sexual abuse.
  5. Cornwall Council has not been involved in any previous inquiries, participated in any other redress schemes, or paid any compensation to former child migrants. In September 2010, Cllr Neil Burden gave an apology to former child migrants.
  6. In response to the UK government’s 2010 apology, the Salvation Army UK produced a statement referring to the apology given in 2004 by the Salvation Army in Australia to former residents who had been subjected to any form of abuse, which was reiterated in 2009 but has not provided any compensation or redress to any child migrant.
  7. The Sisters of Nazareth and Catholic Children’s Society (Westminster) co-funded a counselling scheme, contributed financially to an Australian redress scheme and apologised to former child migrants.  They have not provided any compensation.
  8. Father Hudson’s remains proactive in taking allegations seriously and reporting them to the police.  It has funded a social work service but no compensations has been paid nor has any apology been forthcoming until evidence was given to the Inquiry, at which point they issued a formal apology.
  9. The Catholic Church has put in place administrative procedures for tracing families, records disclosure etc.  They derived a ‘Statement of Intent’ as well as created the Child Migrant Database, put practical support in place and offered numerous apologies, including another whilst giving evidence to the Inquiry.  However, no compensation has been paid, and although information was given about what has been provided in Australia, the Inquiry concluded that overseas actions should not be used by institutions in England and Wales to avoid responsibility.
  10. Through the national apology given in 2010, the evidence and apologies provided to the Inquiry, the British Government has now accepted the failings of the child migration programmes.

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  • The Prince’s Trust, which now has responsibility for the Fairbridge Society archive, provided a substantial amount of archive material.  However, all the files from the Fairbridge Child Welfare Sub Committee from 1958-1982 are no longer in the archive, and it is believed that they were missing at the time the Prince’s Trust acquired them.
  • Major General Roderick Porter explained that there are virtually no records of The Royal Overseas League migration activities, apart from its annual reports, still in existence, and that there is no record of where any records were kept, whether they were disposed of and why.
  • Father Hudson’s has not been able to locate any reference to safeguarding policies or procedures from 1945-1974, nor any documents concerning the monitoring of
    child migrants’ welfare.
  • Investigation of allegations or evidence of sexual abuse within child migration programmes was hampered at times by the failure of some institutions, notably the Royal Overseas League and the Sisters of Nazareth, to have preserved the contemporaneous documentation.
  • Due to the inability to access their records in a straightforward manner, or at all, has caused some child migrants further distress and it is recommended that all institutions which sent children abroad should ensure that they have robust systems in place for retaining and preserving any remaining records that may contain information about individual child migrants, and provide easy access to them.

14th July 1949 – a small group of children aged 4-6 years in the care of the Catholic Church, leave for Australia on the RMS Otranto.  One was told her mother was dead – but unlike most, mother and daughter were finally reunited 56 years later.

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  • The Fairbridge Society ceased involvement in child migration in the early 1980s.
  • Fairbridge has provided no support, counselling, financial support or reparation to former child migrants because, according to Mr Haynes, its charitable funds had to be used for its current core work.
  • Unlike other institutions, in 1950 the National Children’s Home sent selected Sisters (who had been trained and had worked with children in the UK) to accompany parties of children to Australia; stay for three years to assist the children, travel to meet others; and look at what the standards in Australia were and report back to the UK.   These reports (while relatively positive about the children themselves) were critical of the harsh conditions in Australia.
  • The Royal Overseas League resumed migration to Australia post-war in 1947, but without Government approval.
  • The ‘Forde’ Inquiry had observed that the child sexual abuse at the Catholic Church’s St Joseph’s orphanage, Neerkol was perpetrated by a range of persons, including workers, visitors and priests.
  • Lost Innocents Report, 2001 concluded that “the four Christian Brothers institutions in Western Australia stand out as the most culpable in their duty of care in relation to the physical and sexual violence that occurred within them.
  • In his 1993 book, ‘The Scheme: The Christian Brothers and Childcare in Western Australia’, Brother Barry Coldrey concluded that the Christian Brothers’ archives provided strong evidence of five Brothers who had committed multiple acts of sexual abuse, and a further six who had admitted committing single offences.
  • Brother Coldrey produced a further report, ‘Reaping the Whirlwind – The Christian Brothers and Sexual Abuse of Boys 1920 to 1944′ which suggested that awareness of sexual abuse among staff at these residential institutions extended to the operation of ‘sex rings’ in three of these Western Australian residential institutions, in which Brothers collaborated with one another in their activities, assisted and covered for each other, and may have shared the same boys.
  • In 1951, HM The Queen Mother – the Queen – became involved in trying to get one little girl back home to England.  This led to inquiries in the UK and Australia, but it was futile.
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  • Painswick
  • Alverstoke
  • Trenovissick Home, Cornwall


Thanks to Cathy Fox Blog